Your partner can do a lot to support and encourage you in every aspect of preparing for pregnancy. Here are some ways:
• Make a decision about pregnancy together. When both partners intend for pregnancy, a woman is more likely to get early prenatal care and avoid risky behaviors such as smoking and drinking alcohol.
• Screening for and treating sexually transmitted infections (STIs) can help make sure infections are not passed to female partners.
• Male partners can improve their own reproductive health and overall health by limiting alcohol, quitting smoking or illegal drug use, making healthy food choices, and reducing stress. Studies show that men who drink a lot, smoke, or use drugs can have problems with their sperm. These might cause you to have problems getting pregnant. If your partner won't quit smoking, ask that he not smoke around you, to avoid the harmful effects of secondhand smoke.
• Your partner should also talk to his doctor about his own health, his family health history, and any medicines he uses.
• People who work with chemicals or other toxins can be careful not to expose women to them. For example, people who work with fertilizers or pesticides should change out of dirty clothes before coming near women. They should handle and wash soiled clothes separately.